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Seminar-Workshop on EST for Cebu City

30-31 August 2007, UP Cebu College Audio-Visual Room

Summary

The University of the Philippines National Center for Transportation Studies (UP-NCTS) is currently implementing a UNDP-DENR project entitled "Capacity Building and Social Marketing for Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST)" as part of the Environment and Natural Resources Capacity and Operations Enhancement (ENR CORE) Programme for 2007.

In connection with the above, UP-NCTS, in partnership with the University of the Philippines in the Visayas Cebu College, Cebu City Government and the USAID Energy and Clean Air Project (ECAP) has organized a Seminar-Workshop on Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) for Cebu City on 30-31 August 2007 in UP College Cebu.

Cebu Seminar Coordinator: Dr. Jonnifer R. Sinogaya Associate Professor and Coordinator Program for Environmental Studies Natural Sciences and Mathematics Division University of the Philippines in the Visayas-Cebu College Gorordo Ave., Lahug, Cebu City

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1. On the first day, the seminar-workshop was opened by Dean Enrique Avila of UP College Cebu. The message of the City Mayor of Cebu City, Hon. Mayor Tomas R. Osmeña, was delivered by Engineer Paul Villarete, City Planning and Development Coordinator of Cebu City. Dr. Regidor, Director of the University of the Philippines-National Center for Transportation Studies gave the overview of the seminar-workshop.

2. Dr. Noriel Christopher Tiglao, Assistant Professor of the University of the Philippines National College of Public Administration and Governance (UP-NCPAG)/ National Center for Transportation Studies (UP-NCTS), delivered a presentation on mainstreaming Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) in local and metropolitan development. He pointed out that there is a need for local governments like Cebu City, Mandaue City, Lapu-Lapu City and Talisay City should harmonize their traffic management policies to achieve greater network efficiency. There is also a need for the LGUs to cooperate with other partner institutions, including national government, civil society and the academe, in order effectively address the transport and environment problems.

3. The respective City Planning and Development Coordinators of the cities of Cebu, Mandaue, Lapu-Lapu and Talisay presented issues and problems related to traffic in their cities. They also presented the current approaches that they are pursuing in related to traffic and land use management. The presentations were delivered by the following:

* Engr. Paul Villarete – CPDO, Cebu City
* Dexter Paul Fortuna (for Delia Rodrigo, CPDO, Mandaue City)
* Perla Amar (for Mr. Cesario Silawan, CPDO, Lapu-Lapu City
* Engr. Christine Homez, CPDO, Talisay City

* See Appendix 1 for matrix of issues and proposed solutions.

4. Dr. Karl Vergel, Associate Professor of the University of the Philippines College of Engineering/ National Center for Transportation Studies (UP-NCTS), made a presentation on transport and environment issues. He focused on the issue of Greenhouse Gas Emission (GHG) from the transport sector. He pointed out the GHG emission is related to energy use and is related to desire to travel which in turn is related to social and economic desire. Thus, the travel decisions made by traveler pose serious impacts on the global environment. He also identified key strategies implemented by cities in Europe and Japan in reducing GHG emissions.

5. Ms. Carlota Contreras, Head of the Marikina City Bikeways Office, made a presentation on promoting non-motorized transport (MNT) using the challenging and successful experience of the Marikina Bikeways Project. She pointed out the need for strong political will to effectively implement a bikeways program. The Marikina Bikeways Project involved the construction of 66-km of bikeway network, a bicycle loan program (City Ordinance 92 Series of 2004), education program on bicycle safety through a Bicycle Camp, and advocacy activities on non-motorized transport through a ‘Carless Day’ event.

6. Dr. Cresencio Montalbo, Jr., Associate Professor of the University of the Philippines School of Urban and Regional Planning (UP-SURP) / National Center for Transportation Studies (UP-NCTS), made a presentation on the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) as a sustainable transport mode. In a nutshell, a BRT is a surface metro system using bus units that can be delivered at a fraction of the cost of rail. Some of its unique features include segregated, median busways with median stations, high frequency service and low station dwell times, and clean bus technologies.

7. A roundtable discuss on BRT was conducted. The discussants were Engr. Paul Villarete, CPDO, Cebu City, Mr. Serafin Blanco, Metro Cebu Ayala Group, and Engr. Robert G. Delfin, DOTC-Road Transport Planning Division. As a result of the discussion, the Cebu City Government is already contemplating on studying the viability of two BRT corridors:

1. Cebu City BRT - Talamban-Central Business District, which is distinctly within the Cebu City premises; and
2. Coastal North-South BRT - Minglanilla-Mactan Export Processing Zone, which traverses the jurisdiction of 1 municipality (Minglanilla) and 4 cities (Talisay, Cebu Mandaue & Lapu-lapu).

8. On the second day, Mr. Arnel Tancinco, Executive Director of Cebu City Traffic Operations and Management (CITOM) made a presentation on the present traffic management situation of Cebu City. He identified the following public transport issues:

* Too many vehicles on the road and there is no new infrastructure improvements in the city.
* Uncontrolled issuance of franchise for the public utility vehicles.
* Issues concerning travel lines.
* Rampant use of motorcycles as public transport known as the “habal-habal” .
* Illegal Parking
* Sidewalk encroachment
* Sidewalk vendors

9. Ms. Au Ables of CAI-Asia Center made a presentation on the role of stakeholders in Sustainable Urban Transportation (SUT). She identified the stakeholders and their responsibility in promoting sustainable urban transportation.

10. Ms. Jovenee Sagun, CPDO of Puerto Princesa City, presented the experience of Puerto Princesa in promoting Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST). She discussed at length the successful Tricycle sa Kabuhayan at Ekolohiya (TRIKE) Project of the city.

11. Prof. Rene Alburo of USAID’s Energy and Clean Air Project (ECAP) presented the Clean Air Roadmap of Cebu City. He presented the challenges in promoting clean air in the city, as well, the initiatives already conducted by the city in partnership with ECAP and other stakeholders. The Anti-Smoke Belching program of Cebu City has 7 strategies as follows:

* Establish baseline data of Air Quality.
* Broaden stakeholder participation in enforcement.
* Strengthen the Clean Air legislation.
* Lead by example.
* Raise public awareness and participation.
* Expand sources of funding.
* Improve compliance to CA standards by motor vehicle owners & operators.

Prof. Alburo explained the salient features of City Ordinance 2111 or Cebu City’s Vehicle Emissions Control Ordinance. A short roundtable discussion ensued after the presentation.

12. A workshop was conducted to assess the existing institutional capacity and readiness (i.e. technical, organizational, legal, etc.) of local stakeholders in pursuing EST and Identify key strategies in pursuing EST. The participants were divided into three (3) groups as follows:

* Public transport
* Air Quality Management
* Traffic Management

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